The AAP training and certification program makes the AAP available to a range of researchers and clinical professionals who wish to integrate valid adult attachment assessment into their work.  Training and certification are needed in order to administer and score the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System. View the AAP training schedule and locations for additional information.  Trainings in non-English languages are specified.

Adult Attachment Projective Picture System© trainings beginning summer 2018: Some trainings have been redesigned to include webinar sessions or a combination of in-person and webinars to better meet the needs of busy professionals.

AAP Training registration fees include webinar seminars, all training materials, a set of practice cases, and reliability training for 1 year following training.  Continuing education credit is available for some trainings.  All trainings are currently in English, German, and Italian. Check the training schedule for details.

In some years we also offer training in the Attachment Doll Play Assessment for use with children ages 4.5-12 years (see e.g., Solomon, George, & De Jong, 1995).  See training schedule for details.  Materials and reliability are similar to the AAP.  Contact Carol George for more information –

Who Should Attend?

Mental health and medical professionals and graduate students (e.g., psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, medical doctors, nurses).

What Background in Attachment Theory and Research is Required?

No extensive background in attachment theory is required.  The first day of the training seminar presents the foundations of attachment theory and assessment needed to be successful with the AAP.

How Do I Get Reliability Certification for the AAP?

Individuals who attend the training seminar are eligible for certification as an AAP judge.  Certified judges complete reliability with at least an 80% success rate for identifying attachment classification group on a standardized set of AAP cases.  A practice case set is provided following training to gain more experience prior to embarking on the reliability process.  The average length of time to reach reliability certification is 1 year, although a significant number of trainees who began reliability immediately following training achieve certification in 3-6 months.  Reliability is done on an individual basis at the pace of the trainee.  The reliability period included in the registration fee extends for 1 year following training.

Once reliability is achieved, individuals are certified to code and analyze AAPs for use with their clients, for others in their clinic, or research projects under their direct supervision.   Reliable judges are eligible to become “master judges” so as to code for others outside of their own immediate clinical or research projects.  For more information about certification, please send your inquiry by email to Carol George, Ph.D.

What is a Master Judge?

Master judges are certified to identify at a 90% match rate on all AAP coding and classification.  Master judges are available to help individuals who have attended an AAP training but who have not completed or chose not to complete reliability, yet want to use the AAP in their professional work.  There are master judges in English, French, Italian, German, and Dutch.  For more information about contacting a master judge, please send your inquiry by email to Carol George, Ph.D.

What are the Training Costs and How Do I Register?

The registration form has all the information about costs and registration. Registration discounts are available for early registrants, graduate students, and for groups of 3 or more from a single group or institution (U.S. training only). Contact Carol George, Ph.D. for additional information about training outside of the US.

About the Instructors:

Carol George PhD is Professor of Psychology at Mills College. Dr. George is an internationally renowned attachment theorist and researcher, co-developer of the AAP, and the director of the International AAP Training Consortium. Dr. George has published several attachment books (Guilford Press) including, with co-author Malcolm West, The Adult Attachment Projective Picture System, and with co-author Judith Solomon, Attachment Disorganization and Disorganized Attachment and Caregiving. Dr. George is Professor of Psychology at Mills College in Oakland, and co-directs the Infant Mental Health Master’s degree program at Mills.  Dr. George is a research and clinical consultant for attachment theory, research, and clinical application for professionals in the US and abroad.  Her projects and publications address attachment in the context of custody evaluation and visitation schedules for children under age 4 years, attachment across the life span (infant, middle childhood, adolescence, and adult), adult psychiatry, trauma, and parenting, including maltreatment risk. She is a member of the Society for Personality Assessment and the World Association of Infant Mental Health.

Melissa Lehmann PhD is a licensed psychologist in private practice in Austin, TX.  Melissa Lehmann, Ph.D., received her degree in Counseling Psychology from the University of Texas, Austin. She completed her post-doctoral fellowship at the Center for Therapeutic Assessment where her primary focus was on Therapeutic Assessments with adults, adolescents, children, couples, and families. Her dissertation research used the AAP in a study of juvenile sex offenders.  Melissa is currently in private practice in Austin, Texas conducting Therapeutic Assessments with adults, adolescents, and families. She is also a founding member of the Therapeutic Assessment Institute, and part of the faculty who teaches this particular assessment model to other mental health professionals, and a member of the Society for Personality Assessment.

Julie Wargo-Aikins PhD is an Associate Professor at the Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute and in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience at Wayne State University.  Dr. Wargo Aikins has used the AAP in a variety of research contexts for the last 15 years, examining the contributions of attachment to parent-child relationships, the association of attachment representations with psychopathology at a variety of developmental stages and with varying populations (e.g. military personnel), and stability and change in attachment representations over time.  In addition, Dr. Wargo Aikins has consulted on the application of the AAP in clinical settings.  She is a member of the Society for Research in Child Development and the Society for Research in Adolescence.

Anna Buchheim PhD is Professor of Psychology at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, and a member of the International AAP Training Consortium.  She is also a Visiting Professor at the International Psychoanalytic Institute in Berlin, Germany. Dr. Buchheim has published a wealth of papers using the AAP (many available for download on this website), including neurophysiological investigations of attachment. Her interests also include clinical psychology, and clinical, psychotherapy, and prevention research.

What Colleagues are Saying About the AAP

“The AAP provides information that other tests do not — about clients’ probable attachment histories, attachment defenses, and capacity to engage in close, protective relationships. The information we get from the AAP is not just useful in conceptualizing clients; it often helps them develop more compassion for themselves.” – Stephen Finn, Ph.D., Founder of the Center for Therapeutic Assessment, Austin, TX

“The AAP workshop was the best workshop I have ever attended. The professionalism and the depth of knowledge of the presenters was truly impressive, as was their dedication to helping the participants learn the AAP. The material I learned in the course has also helped me to listen to my patients in yet another way, different from the empathic attunement to the content of their narratives and the implications of the narratives. ” – Leonard Handler, Ph.D., University of Tennessee

“I find the information from the AAP to be tremendously useful for the professionals involved in working with adolescents. Many parents and foster parents only see the problem behaviors, and having a more contextualized understanding of the function of behavior can help them become more compassionate and flexible in their reactions and interactions.” – Linda Webster, Ph.D., University of the Pacific, CA

Training Schedule and Locations: 2019

Winter 2019 Webinar only (English language) 

Webinar Sessions:  9 3-hour sessions, Tuesday, Thursday, January 8 – February 14 (except January 24), 9 a.m.-noon (Pacific Standard Time)

Enrollment limited to 8.

Registration deadline: December 15, 2018

Instructor: Dr. Carol George

Contact Dr. Carol George for the registration information:

Winter 2019 6 full days in-person (Italian language)

January 18-20, January 1-3

Location: University of Perugia

Instructors: Drs. Adriana Lis and Elisa Del Vecchio

Contact Dr. Claudia Mazzeschi for the registration information:

 Summer 2019 4 full days in-person and 4 3-hour webinar meetings (English language)

Location: Plymouth, England

Instructor: Dr. Carol George

In-person meetings: July 1-4, 2019        Webinar meetings: TBA

Contact Dr. Huw Darch for the registration information:

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